Avalanche Related Resources

Mountain Snowpack

AuthorTitlePublicationPublisher/LocationDate
Birkeland, K.W., K.J. Hansen, and R.L. Brown The spatial variability of snow resistance on potential avalanche slopes J. Glaciology 41(137), 183-190 1995
Birkeland, K Recycled powder and other types of near-surface faceting: sometimes today's great skiing creates tomorrow's avalanche headache The Avalanche Review American Avalanche Association
Pagosa Springs, USA
1998
Birkeland, K.W. Terminology and predominant processes associated with the formation of weak layers of near-surface faceted crystals in the mountain snowpack

Arctic and Alpine Research 50 (2), 193-199

 

 

1998
Birkeland, K.W., R.F. Johnson, and D.S. Schmidt Near-surface faceted crystals formed by diurnal recrystallization: A case study of weak layer formation in the mountain snowpack and its contribution to avalanche formation Arctic and Alpine Research 30(2) 199-204

 

1998
Birkeland, K., K. Kronholm, M. Schneebeli, and C. Pielemeier Changes in the shear strength and micro-penetration hardness of a buried surface hoar layer Annals of Glaciology 38, 223-228 2004
Colbeck, S.C. and B. Jamieson The formation of faceted layers above crusts Cold Regions Science and Technology, 33(2-3), 247-252 2001
Jamieson, B. and P. Langevin Between a slab and a hard layer: Part 3 - Two field studies of facets growing above wet layers Avalanche News 72, Canadian Avalanche Association
Revelstoke, Canada
2005
Jamieson, B Between a slab and a hard layer: Part 2 - The persistence of poorly bonded crusts in the Columbia Mountains Avalanche News 71, 34-37 Canadian Avalanche Association
Revelstoke, Canada
2004
Jamieson, B Between a slab and a hard layer: Part 1 - Formation of poorly bonded crusts in the Columbia Mountains Avalanche News 70, 48-54 Canadian Avalanche Association
Revelstoke, Canada
2004
Jamieson, B. and C. Fierz Heat flow from wet to dry snowpack layers and associated faceting Annals of Glaciology 38, 187-194 2005
Jamieson, J.B. and J. Schweizer Texture and strength changes of buried surface hoar layers with implications for dry snow-slab avalanche release NaJournal of Glaciology 46(152), 151-160 2001
Jamieson, B. and C. Johnston Exploring multi-scale spatial patterns in historical avalanche data, Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Wyoming. Avalanche News 53, 7-11 Canadian Avalanche Association
Revelstoke, Canada
21997
Kozak, M., K. Elder, K. Birkeland and P. Chapman Variability of snow later hardness by aspect and prediction using meteorological factors Cold Regions Science and Technology, 37(3), p. 357-371 2003
Logan, N Snow temperature patterns and artificial avalanche release Proceedings of the 1992 International Snow Science Workshop
p. 37-46
Breckenridge, USA 2003
Male, D.H. Review of dry snow The seasonal snowcover Dynamics of snow and ice masses, edited by S.C. Colbeck,
305-395
Academic Press, New York, 1980
Schweizer, J On the role of deficit zones or imperfections in dry snow slab avalanche release

Proceedings of the 1998 International Snow Science Workshop
489-501

Sunriver, Oregon, USA 1998